Yellow eyes in the medical term are called scleral icterus. Sklera (sclera) is a white part of the eye. However the one that changes color is not the sclera, but the conjunctiva which is the outermost layer of the eye that is thin except the cornea. Yellow eyes are a symptom of several diseases, such as jaundice, disorders of the liver and bile and many more. Usually, the eyes turn yellow signifies that these diseases have become severe and categorize as depraved.
Yellow eyes also as a result of increased levels of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a body product that is yellow, this is what causes your eyes to look yellow. Increased bilirubin can be due to various things, but usually because of diseases related to the liver/liver. Can be an infection from a liver called hepatitis.
Symptoms of several diseases can result in yellow eyes.
Yellow eyes are one of the symptoms of jaundice. Jaundice occurs when there is too much bilirubin in the blood, which is a yellow compound that comes from the breakdown of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an oxygen-carrying component in red blood cells.
When red blood cells break, hemoglobin breaks down into heme and globin. It is from this heme that bilirubin originates. Bilirubin will then be processed in the liver, then into the bile duct, and finally discharged through feces. If one of these processes is interrupted, bilirubin will accumulate in the body and cause the skin, including the eyes to turn yellow.
This disease can occur in infants, children, and adults. Jaundice may indicate liver damage in adults and if not identified and treated, it can cause liver failure.
Whereas in newborns, jaundice is common because extra red blood cells begin to rupture as soon as the baby is born. However, the liver is slow to process bilirubin. In breastfed infants, jaundice is thought to be caused by inadequate milk intake or the presence of substances in breast milk which cause bilirubin to be metabolized more slowly by the baby’s body.
Cirrhosis of the liver is scar tissue in the liver caused by long-term and continuous liver damage. Scarring replaces healthy tissue in the liver and prevents the liver from working properly. Symptoms that arise as a result of advanced cirrhosis of the liver, one of which is jaundice.
Cirrhosis can be caused by long-term alcohol abuse, chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C, fatty liver, bile duct destruction (primary biliary cirrhosis), hardening and damage to the bile duct (primary sclerosing cholangitis), parasitic infection, buildup of iron in the body (hemochromatosis), genetic digestive disorders (Alagille’s syndrome), Wilson’s disease, liver cancer, and side effects of drugs.
The liver produces bile which is collected in the gallbladder and flowed through the bile duct. The gallbladder is responsible for releasing bile to help the body digest fat. A person can experience jaundice if the bile duct has a blockage. These blockages can be caused by several things, including gallstones.
Blockage by gallstones will cause upper right abdominal pain when the bile duct has disrupted. Gallstones causes by several things, including genes, weight, decrease gallbladder movements, diet, too much cholesterol in the blood, high bilirubin levels which are can cause yellow eyes disease.
The pancreatic ducts and bile ducts unite into the small intestine. If the pancreatic duct is blocked, bile may not flow properly and jaundice can occur. Pancreatic cancer and inflammation of the pancreas can cause this blockage to occur.
Symptoms of Blood Disease.
Yellow eyes can also be caused by abnormalities in red blood cells so that they break easily. Blood disorders that can make the yellow eye include hemolytic anemia (premature destruction of red blood cells), which can be caused by drugs, reactions due to an incompatibility of blood transfusions, or sickle cell anemia.
Side effects of drugs.
Apart from diseases, yellow eyes can also be caused by side effects of drugs, such as rifampin and isoniazid (to treat TB), chlorpromazine (to treat mental disorders), didanosine (for HIV treatment), isotretinoin, and herbal medicines. The use of drugs in the long term and high doses are more at risk of causing skin side effects and yellow eyes.
One of the psychological causes of the color of the eyes turns yellow is because our eyes experience severe fatigue. Usually caused by our daily activities that are not good. Like not confining our eyes in accordance with the provisions recommended by the world of health. Work with a computer screen or do excessive interactions on electronic screens such as TVs, computer monitors, mobile screens and more.
Not enough rest can cause yellow eyes.
The world of health and medicine has recommended that the minimum amount of rest or sleep is. For children and adolescents with genres aged 6 – 22 years it is recommended to sleep for 8.5 hours per day. For adults from 23 and above it is recommended to rest or sleep for a minimum of 7 hours per day. Because our daily activities and activities that cannot rest according to what should make our sleep schedule disturbed and can yellowing the eyes.
How to Get Rid of Yellow Eyes.
Eye health checks regularly.
Regular eye checks are also recommended to prevent yellow eyes. Yellow eye changes can be one of the symptoms of a dangerous disease, such as damage to liver tissue or abnormalities in the blood. If a healthy eye suddenly turns yellow immediately consult a doctor. After a doctor’s examination, if there are no symptoms of a serious illness, at least keep checking your body’s health regularly, until your eyes become clear or not yellow.
Regulates sleep patterns well.
Regulating good sleep patterns is one of the healthy lifestyles that will reduce the occurrence of color changes that occur in the eye. Do not let the body stay up too often because it is not very good for the health of the body especially the eyes, with frequent staying up then the eyes will become tired, so the eyes do not look clear or even turn yellow, for that good and regular sleep patterns prevent the occurrence of yellow eyes. Commonly, a person needs 8 hours a day to rest. Make a habit to fulfill the needs of the body, do not force the body to be too exhausted.
Organize daily activities properly.
Organizing your daily activities properly and regularly will prevent fatigue and yellow eyes. Not excessively forced to work too hard. It is also recommended work on a computer, not more than 10 hours. The reflection of light on the computer will make the eyes become extremely tired, as well as on handphones etc. Working too long in front of a computer can damage tissue, that is in our eyes so that the eyes appear yellow and unhealthy.
Relaxing the mind.
In order to avoid yellow eyes, we can do relaxation of mind. A peaceful mind can keep us from excessive stress and also can reduce the occurrence of yellow in the eyes.
Consume herbal plants.
Herbal treatments are quite helpful for the health of the body especially the eyes, herbal medicines can usually heal thoroughly even for a long time. Noni can be one of the herbs that are very effective in treating the symptoms of discoloration in the yellow eyes.
Eat fruits and vegetables.
Orange and yellow fruits and vegetables, such as carrots, pumpkins, lemons, and oranges, contain vitamins and antioxidants that will help remove yellow eyes. Yellow eye medication naturally is to eat green and leafy foods such as spinach and kale also have properties that are good for your eye health. Nuts such as almonds, walnuts, and nuts also contain minerals that improve eyes health.
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